Different Types of Gingival Grafting

Different Types of Gingival Grafting

The second name of Gingival grafting is gum grafting. A common procedure is undertaken to thicken gingiva. Sometimes it is also used for coverage of recession under one’s teeth.

This process can be used for different reasons, such as to reinforce one’s gums and teeth and to those who deal with sensitivity because of recession. 

Different processes fall under Gingival Grafting. Depending on your home and tissue, you should opt for a particular treatment. 

How can the preparation of a gum graft be done?

There are three kinds of gum grafts: –

  • Lateral graft
  • Free gingival graft
  • Connective tissue graft

Your periodontist would discuss these options. It is suggested to make a choice based on one’s needs as well as requirements.

After completion of the procedure, you are not required to fast or make some changes in your diet one day preceding the date of your surgery. Your periodontist would confirm the type of graft.

However, you are required to arrange your ride to visit and depart after your appointment. To lessen pain and discomfort and you would also be given medications that might sound unsafe to you, but it gradually has no side effects.

What happens during the procedure?

After arriving at the appointed place, you would be shifted to the procedure room. To numb the particular area, local anesthesia would be used where the entire procedure would be undertaken.

In some cases, you might be advised to take general anesthesia by your periodontist so that you remain unconscious during the whole procedure.

Depending on one’s needs, your periodontist would perform one from the below: –

  • Free gingival graft: A small piece of tissue is removed from your periodontist from the roof of one’s mouth as well as stitching the area which requires gum tissue. You might get this kind of graft if the gums are thin. For prevention of further recession, extra tissue is needed.
  • Connective tissue graft: A small flap would be opened by your periodontist in the role of the mouth by removing connective tissue from the tissue’s top layer. The tissue is stitched to the area, which requires gum tissue. This is one of the most popular types of graft.
  • Pedicle graft: A flap of tissue is created by your periodontist from the area next to gum recession. The flap is used for covering the area of your gum tissue. In such a process, the gum tissue is shifted over their recession with the local tissue.

A person completely heals from a gum graft  within two to three weeks. It is recommended to consult your periodontist after a week of your procedure so that they can check if you have properly healed or not. After 14 days, you are free to brush as well as floss your teeth again. The recovery period varies from one person to another, depending on their overall health and immunity.

Topics Covered: Gum Grafting , Gingival Graft, Tissue Graft, Pedicle Graft, Lateral Graft


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